Investigation – ongoing

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Libya

The situation in Libya was referred to the ICC by the UN Security Council in February 2011, in the wake of alleged crimes against humanity after the 2011 popular demonstrations. ICC cases include Saif Gaddafi and Abdullah al-Senussi.
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Kenya

After the 2007 elections in Kenya, widespread violence ensued, resulting in over 1000 dead, 600,000 displaced and hundreds sexually assaulted. In March 2010, the ICC started its investigation into alleged crimes committed during the post-election period.
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Georgia

In January 2016, the ICC opened an investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity allegedly committed by all parties to the August 2008 South Ossetia conflict, including Georgia, Russia and South Ossetian separatist rebels.
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Mali

In July 2012, Mali referred the situation in its territory to the ICC in response to an armed conflict in the north between government forces and various rebel groups. The ICC preliminary examination led the ICC to formally open an investigation.
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Côte d'Ivoire

Following post-election violence in 2010-11, an ICC investigation was opened in the situation of Côte d'Ivoire. Its former President and Minister of youth are defendants in an ongoing ICC trial in The Hague.
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Burundi

Burundi is an ICC state member, having ratified the Rome Statue in 2004. Violence following the President's decision to run for a third term in 2015 is currently the subject of an ICC preliminary examination in the country.
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Sudan

Although Sudan is not a party to the Rome Statute, Darfur fell under ICC jurisdiction in March 2005 after the UN Security Council referred the situation to the ICC prosecutor. The investigation has led to five ICC cases and heightened tensions.
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Central African Republic (I and II)

The Central African Republic has experienced several periods of armed conflict. The ICC has opened two investigations into alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity, focusing on crimes committed from 2002 to 2003 and crimes committed since 2012. 
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Uganda

In 2004, Uganda invited the ICC to investigate an ongoing decades-long conflict between the Lord's Resistance Army and the government. In 2005, the ICC issued arrest warrants for five senior LRA members. One of them, Ongwen, is currently on trial.
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Democratic Republic of Congo

The conflict in the DRC is one of the world's deadliest since World War II. The ICC's first ever investigation opened in 2004 and has focused on the leaders of several armed militia and rebel groups suspected of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
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