Former Sudanese interior minister and a special presidential representative in Darfur, Abdel Hussein is wanted by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity during a counter-insurgency against rebel groups in Darfur in in 2003-04.
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has been wanted by the ICC for crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide in Darfur, Sudan since 2009. He is the first sitting head-of-state to be issued with an ICC arrest warrant.
Ahmad Harun, a current Sudanese governor and former minister, and Ali Kushayb, alleged leader of the government-aligned Janjaweed militia, are wanted by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, Sudan.
After the 2007 elections in Kenya, widespread violence ensued, resulting in over 1000 dead, 600,000 displaced and hundreds sexually assaulted. In March 2010, the ICC started its investigation into alleged crimes committed during the post-election period.
The ICC trial of Kenyan politician William Ruto and radio broadcaster Joshua Sang ended in 2016 due to a lack of evidence and alleged witness-tampering. They were charged with crimes against humanity during Kenyan post-election violence in 2007-8.
Although Sudan is not a party to the Rome Statute, Darfur fell under ICC jurisdiction in March 2005 after the UN Security Council referred the situation to the ICC prosecutor. The investigation has led to five ICC cases and heightened tensions.
The situation in Libya was referred to the ICC by the UN Security Council in February 2011, in the wake of alleged crimes against humanity after the 2011 popular demonstrations. ICC cases inlude Saif Gaddafi and Abdullah al-Senussi.
As de facto prime minister under the regime of Muammar Gaddafi, Saif Gaddafi is wanted by the ICC for crimes against humanity following the outbreak of popular demonstrations in Libya in February 2011. He remains in detention in Libya.
Abdullah al-Senussi, director of military intelligence in the Gaddafi regime, was charged by the ICC with crimes against humanity in 2011. ICC extradition halted after Libya challenged admissibility of the case. Sentenced to death by a Libyan court 2015.
Former Côte d’Ivoire president Laurent Gbagbo and youth leader Charles Blé Goudé are charged with crimes against humanity in the wake of 2010 presidential election. Their joint ICC trial opened in January 2016.
Charged with 70 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Northern Uganda, the ICC trial of the alleged former Lord's Resistance Army commander opens on 6 December 2016. First LRA suspect before the ICC.
Former First Lady of Côte d’Ivoire, serving a 20 year prison sentence for undermining state security. Côte d’Ivoire remains obliged to surrender her to The Hague to face charges of crimes against humanity between 2010 and 2011.
Suspected of crimes against humanity and war crimes, alleged executive secretary of the FLDR rebel group Callixte Mbarushimana was released from ICC custody in December 2011 after Pre-Trial Chamber I declined to confirm charges