Crimes against humanity

Case

Omar al-Bashir

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has been wanted by the ICC for crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide in Darfur, Sudan since 2009. He is the first sitting head-of-state to be issued with an ICC arrest warrant.
Case

Ahmad Harun and Ali Kushayb

Ahmad Harun, a current Sudanese governor and former minister, and Ali Kushayb, alleged leader of the government-aligned Janjaweed militia, are wanted by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, Sudan.
Case

William Ruto and Joshua Sang

The ICC trial of Kenyan politician William Ruto and radio broadcaster Joshua Sang ended in 2016 due to a lack of evidence and alleged witness-tampering. They were charged with crimes against humanity during Kenyan post-election violence in 2007-8.
Country

Sudan

Although Sudan is not a party to the Rome Statute, Darfur fell under ICC jurisdiction in March 2005 after the UN Security Council referred the situation to the ICC prosecutor. The investigation has led to five ICC cases and heightened tensions.
Case

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi

As de facto prime minister under the regime of Muammar Gaddafi, Saif Gaddafi is wanted by the ICC for crimes against humanity following the outbreak of popular demonstrations in Libya in February 2011. He remains in detention in Libya.
Case

Abdullah al-Senussi

Abdullah al-Senussi, director of military intelligence in the Gaddafi regime, was charged by the ICC with crimes against humanity in 2011. ICC extradition halted after Libya challenged admissibility of the case. Sentenced to death by a Libyan court 2015.
Case

Laurent Gbagbo and Charles Blé Goudé

Former Côte d’Ivoire president Laurent Gbagbo and youth leader Charles Blé Goudé are charged with crimes against humanity in the wake of 2010 presidential election. Their joint ICC trial opened in January 2016.
Case

Dominic Ongwen

Charged with 70 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Northern Uganda, the ICC trial of the alleged former Lord's Resistance Army commander opens on 6 December 2016. First LRA suspect before the ICC.
Case

Joseph Kony et. al.

ICC arrest warrants were issued for Joseph Kony and four other senior Lord’s Resistance Army commanders in July 2005 for war crimes and crimes against humanity in northern Uganda. Kony remains wanted.
Case

Simone Gbagbo

Former First Lady of Côte d’Ivoire, serving a 20 year prison sentence for undermining state security. Côte d’Ivoire remains obliged to surrender her to The Hague to face charges of crimes against humanity between 2010 and 2011.
Case

Callixte Mbarushimana

Suspected of crimes against humanity and war crimes, alleged executive secretary of the FLDR rebel group Callixte Mbarushimana was released from ICC custody in December 2011 after Pre-Trial Chamber I declined to confirm charges
Case

Sylvestre Mudacumura

Former supreme commander of the FDLR rebel group Sylvestre Mudacumura has been wanted by the ICC for war crimes in the DRC since 2012.
News

What are the Nuremberg Trials, and why do they still matter today?

Case

Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui

Alleged Congolese militia leader Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui was acquitted at the ICC of crimes against humanity and war crimes in December 2012. He was subsequently deported to the DRC.
Case

Bosco Ntaganda

Congolese militia leader Bosco Ntaganda is charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity, allegedly committed in Ituri, DRC. His trial opened September 2015.
Case

Germain Katanga

Congolese rebel leader Germain Katanga was convicted by the ICC in March 2014 of war crimes and crimes against humanity during an attack against Bogoro village in Ituri in eastern DRC. Sentenced to 12 year imprisonment.
Country

Central African Republic (I and II)

The Central African Republic has experienced several periods of armed conflict. The ICC has opened two investigations into alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity, focusing on crimes committed from 2002 to 2003 and crimes committed since 2012. 
Case

Uhuru Kenyatta

The ICC trial of Kenyan politician Uhuru Kenyatta ended in 2015 due to a lack of evidence and alleged witness-tampering. He was charged with crimes against humanity during Kenyan post-election violence in 2007-8.
Country

Uganda

In 2004, Uganda invited the ICC to investigate an ongoing decades-long conflict between the Lord's Resistance Army and the government. In 2005, the ICC issued arrest warrants for five senior LRA members. One of them, Ongwen, is currently on trial.
News

New Katanga trial shows DRC’s potential to try complex international crimes

News

ICC to decide if LRA commander Ongwen to face trial

News

Ongwen: Expanded charges would allow more victim participation

News

ICC considers Georgia investigation - key facts & reaction

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