At any given time, the International Criminal Court prosecutor is exploring the possibility of bringing prosecutions against individuals in situations around the world.

ICC cases mostly focus on those most responsible for committing grave crimes such as high government officials, military leaders, or rebel commanders.

Learn more about how the ICC works

Investigations - Ongoing

Country

Democratic Republic of Congo

The conflict in the DRC is one of the world's deadliest since World War II. The ICC's first ever investigation opened in 2004 and has focused on the leaders of several armed militia and rebel groups suspected of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Pages

Preliminary examination - ongoing

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Trial

Case

Jean-Pierre Bemba et. al. (Bemba II)

On 2016 Jean-Pierre Bemba and four associates were found guilty for committing offenses against the administration of justice under article 70 of the Rome Statute during the Bemba I trial in 2013. Imprisonment sentences were served.
Case

Laurent Gbagbo and Charles Blé Goudé

On 2019, former Côte d’Ivoire president Laurent Gbagbo and youth leader Charles Blé Goudé were acquitted of crimes against humanity in the wake of 2010 presidential election after their joint ICC trial opened in January 2016.
Case

Dominic Ongwen

The alleged former Lord's Resistance Army commander Dominic Ongwen is charged with 70 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity in the IDP camps in Northern Uganda. His trial opened on 6 December 2016.
Case

Bosco Ntaganda

Congolese militia leader Bosco Ntaganda was sentenced by the ICC to a total of 30 years of imprisonment on Nov 2019 of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Ituri, DRC. The verdict is currently subject to appeals.

Pre-Trial

Case

Alfred YekatomAnd Patrice-Edouard Ngaïssona

Mr. Yekatom and Mr. Ngaïssona are charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity in various locations in the CAR between December 2013 and August/December 2014 respectively. Both are in the Court's custody. On February 2019, their cases were joined.
Case

Al Hassan Ag Abdoul Aziz Ag Mohamed Ag Mahmoud

Al Hassan is charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Timbuktu, Mali, between 1 April 2012 and 28 January 2013. He is in the Court's custody. His trial is scheduled to start on 14 July 2020.
Case

Mahmoud Mustafa Busayf Al-Werfalli

Mr Al-Werfalli is wanted by the ICC for murder as a war crime in the context of the conflict in Libya. The suspect is reportedly in the custody of the Libyan National Army (LNA).
Case

Al-Tuhamy Mohamed Khaled

Al-Tuhamy Mohamed Khaled (“Mr. Al-Tuhamy”), who is wanted for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Libya, remains at large.
Case

Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein

Former Sudanese interior minister and a special presidential representative in Darfur, Abdel Hussein is wanted by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity during a counter-insurgency against rebel groups in Darfur in in 2003-04.
Case

Omar al-Bashir

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has been wanted by the ICC for crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide in Darfur, Sudan since 2009. He is the first sitting head-of-state to be issued with an ICC arrest warrant.
Case

Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain

Commander of the Justice and Equality Movement rebel group in Darfur. Initially cooperative, Banda is now wanted by the ICC for war crimes during attacks on an African Union peacekeeping mission in 2007.
Case

Ahmad Harun and Ali Kushayb

Ahmad Harun, a current Sudanese governor and former minister, and Ali Kushayb, alleged leader of the government-aligned Janjaweed militia, are wanted by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, Sudan.
Case

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi

As de facto prime minister under the regime of Muammar Gaddafi, Saif Gaddafi is wanted by the ICC for crimes against humanity following the outbreak of popular demonstrations in Libya in February 2011. He remains in detention in Libya.
Case

Simone Gbagbo

Former First Lady of Côte d’Ivoire, serving a 20 year prison sentence for undermining state security. Côte d’Ivoire remains obliged to surrender her to The Hague to face charges of crimes against humanity between 2010 and 2011.

Reparations

Case

Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi

Islamist rebel Ahmad al-Mahdi pled guilty at the ICC to intentionally directing attacks against historical monuments and buildings dedicated to religion in the UNESCO-protected city of Timbuktu, northern Mali. Sentenced to nine years' imprisonment
Case

Germain Katanga

Congolese rebel leader Germain Katanga was convicted by the ICC in March 2014 of war crimes and crimes against humanity during an attack against Bogoro village in Ituri in eastern DRC. Sentenced to 12 year imprisonment.
Case

Thomas Lubanga Dyilo

In the first ICC trial, DRC rebel Thomas Lubanga was convicted in March 2012 of the war crimes of enlisting & conscripting children under 15 and using them in hostilities. Sentenced to 14 years imprisonment. Reparations proceedings started on 7 Aug 2012.

Concluded

Case

Bahar Idriss Abu Garda

Commander of the Justice and Equality Movement rebel group, Abu Garda was charged by ICC with the war crimes attacking African Union peacekeepers in Darfur. Charges not confirmed due to a lack of evidence.
Case

William Ruto and Joshua Sang

The ICC trial of Kenyan politician William Ruto and radio broadcaster Joshua Sang ended in 2016 due to a lack of evidence and alleged witness-tampering. They were charged with crimes against humanity during Kenyan post-election violence in 2007-8.
Case

Abdullah al-Senussi

Abdullah al-Senussi, director of military intelligence in the Gaddafi regime, was charged by the ICC with crimes against humanity in 2011. ICC extradition halted after Libya challenged admissibility of the case. Sentenced to death by a Libyan court 2015.
Case

Callixte Mbarushimana

Suspected of crimes against humanity and war crimes, alleged executive secretary of the FLDR rebel group Callixte Mbarushimana was released from ICC custody in December 2011 after Pre-Trial Chamber I declined to confirm charges
Case

Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui

Alleged Congolese militia leader Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui was acquitted at the ICC of crimes against humanity and war crimes in December 2012. He was subsequently deported to the DRC.
Case

Jean-Pierre Bemba (Bemba I)

Former Congolese vice-president and militia leader Jean-Pierre Bemba was convicted by the ICC in 2016 for war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Central African Republic. Sentenced to 18 years’ imprisonment in 2016 and acquitted in 2018.
Case

Uhuru Kenyatta

The ICC trial of Kenyan politician Uhuru Kenyatta ended in 2015 due to a lack of evidence and alleged witness-tampering. He was charged with crimes against humanity during Kenyan post-election violence in 2007-8.