Gaddafi inner circle suspected of crimes against humanity against civilians in 2011
The ICC prosecutor alleged that Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and his inner circle devised and implemented a state-level policy to quell, including by use of lethal force, civilian demonstrations against Muammar Gaddafi’s government in 2011. Reports at the time suggested hundreds of civilians were killed and injured as well as arrested and imprisoned.
Libya was the first ICC situation to be unanimously referred by the UN Security Council. The ICC prosecutor concluded a preliminary examination of the situation within one week of the referral, opening a full investigation into potential Rome Statute crimes committed since 15 February 2011.
ICC arrest warrants were issued for Muammar al-Gaddafi (withdrawn following his death), his son and de facto prime minister Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, and Abdullah al-Senussi, director of military intelligence in the Gaddafi regime.