Electing the best ICC & ASP leaders

We campaign for ICC States Parties to nominate and elect only the highest qualified candidates to the International Criminal Court (ICC) and its governing body, the Assembly of States Parties (ASP) through fair, transparent, and merit-based nomination and election processes.

Governments must elect the best leaders to key positions in the Rome Statute system in order to strengthen the institution’s credibility, transparency and impartiality.

Elections of ICC & ASP officials – the basics

ICC officials, including the judges, the prosecutor, and the deputy prosecutors are elected by the Assembly of States Parties. 

ICC Judicial elections take place every three years to renew 6 out of the 18 Judges that form the ICC bench. ICC judges are elected for a non-renewable term of nine years. 

ICC prosecutors and deputy prosecutors are also elected by the Assembly for a non-renewable term of nine years.

ICC judges in turn elect the ICC registrar for a five-year term renewable only once. The judges elect the ICC registrar by an absolute majority in a secret ballot, taking into account any recommendations by the Assembly. read more

The Assembly is also responsible for electing ASP officials and members of the Assembly’s subsidiary bodies. 

The ASP Bureau assists the Assembly in the discharge of its mandate, and is composed of a President, two Vice-Presidents and eighteen members. The members of the ASP Bureau are elected for three-year terms.

The ASP elects the 12 members of the Committee on Budget and Finance and  the 9 members of the Advisory Committee on the Nomination of Judges for three-year terms.

The 5 members of the Board of Directors of the Trust Fund for Victims are elected for three-year terms by the Assembly and are eligible for re-election once.

ICC Judicial Elections explained

How do judicial elections work at the International Criminal Court? Watch the ICC judicial elections process explained in this video.

ICC prosecutorial elections explained

How do prosecutorial elections work at the International Criminal Court? Watch the ICC prosecutorial election process explained in this video

Coalition Principles on ICC & ASP Elections

The Coalition for the ICC through its Elections Team closely monitors the processes to elect leaders of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and its governing body, the Assembly of States Parties (ASP), and has consistently called for the election of only the highest qualified candidates through fair, transparent and merit- based nomination and election processes. We believe that having in place the most qualified and experienced leadership of the Court and the Assembly is key to strengthening the institution’s credibility, transparency and impartiality.

The destructive practice of vote-trading runs contrary to the fair and effective functioning of international justice and must be prevented at the ICC. For this reason, the Coalition strongly opposes reciprocal political agreements (“vote-trading”) in ICC and ASP elections, and calls all States Parties to pledge to avoid political considerations in the choice of candidates.

The Coalition stresses the importance of developing fair, transparent, and merit-based national-level nomination processes in accordance with international standards and urges States Parties to adopt and review national legislation on ICC elections

The Coalition as a whole does not endorse or oppose individual candidates, but rather advocates for the integrity of the nomination and election procedures.

Individual member organizations of the Coalition may take positions on particular candidates. These position represent the views of those respective organizations and should not be taken as representative of the Coalition’s views.

Vetting for all ICC and ASP elections

Read more about vetting here.

Coalition Campaigns on ICC & ASP Elections

The Coalition for the ICC plays an important role in monitoring the election of ICC and ASP officials. The CICC helps to publicize and raise awareness on ICC and ASP electionprocesses and about candidates.

As part of our elections campaigns, we ask candidates to ICC and ASP elections to complete questionnaires regarding their vision, background, qualifications, experience and views on international justice and the ICC. We are proud to have achieved nearly universal participation of candidates to our questionnaire since the first elections in 2003.

CICC campaign on ICC & ASP elections - 2020

CICC campaign on icc & asp elections - 2017

For more information

Visit our old website (currently unavailable) to learn more about past elections campaigns. Information includes related papers, civil society advocacy, former candidate questionnaires, previous elections' results and more. 

Or drop us a line at Tonella@coalitionfortheicc.org.